What Does Measured FDI Actually Measure?

Measured FDI flows behave like portfolio debt flows. Our conclusions have implications for how researchers and policymakers should think about capital controls and the exclusion of measured FDI from such controls.

The Case for Growth-Indexed Bonds in Advanced Economies Today

The introduction of growth-indexed bonds will benefit highly indebted advanced economies and, in the euro area, might provide a partial market-based solution to attain valuable insurance benefits well ahead of a formal fiscal union.